Flashing a wide smile and a peace sign, outfitted in power suit, sensible pumps, and her trademark glasses and bouffant, Shirley Chisholm enters the Anacostia Playhouse blackbox waving to the applauding audience. It’s not actually Shirley Chishom—the first African American woman elected to Congress (in 1968) and the first woman and the African American to seek the nomination for president of the United States (in 1972). But as you begin to appreciate Dominique C. Brown’s meticulous, first-rate impersonation of the badass congresswoman from Bed-Stuy, you might well find yourself imagining the legend is back and running again.
Or maybe this is just wishful thinking, the result of watching Campaign ’72—Writer/Director Odell B. Ruffin’s fascinating tribute to Shirley Chisholm—just days after the first Democratic Party presidential debates. Because it was Chisholm who paved the way for every woman who has sought that high office in the U.S. since. And judging from her oratory that Ruffin has deftly excerpted in his inspiring bio-play, Shirley Chisholm’s politics and persona could have owned that Miami debate stage.
CHISHOLM: I stand before you today as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the Presidency of the United States of America. I am not the candidate of black America, although I am black and proud. I am not the candidate of the women’s movement of this country, although I am a woman, and I am equally proud of that. … I am the candidate of the people of America. And my presence before you now symbolizes a new era in American political history.
Unbought and Unbossed was the title of Chisholm’s autobiography and also the slogan on her 1972 campaign poster, a reproduction of which hangs from a speaker’s podium stage right. Ruffin’s brisk script is in 13 scenes with music of the period in between. And Brown’s performance has a winning immediacy that engages and entertains throughout.
Brown is particularly adept at capturing Chisholm’s tenacity as well as her distinctive speech pattern—a slight lisp with traces of a British/West Indies accent—all of which makes her voice in the political arena all the more unmistakable.
In vivid swift strokes, Campaign ’72 takes us through highlights of Chisholm’s life and captures not only Chisholm’s legislative career but also the political tensions of her time: the Civil Rights Movement, the Women’s Movement, the abortion issue, the busing controversy, the Viet Nam War, the Equal Rights Amendment (which Chisholm introduced into Congress). The scenes are structured simply and directly and have a commendable edutainment quality. This is a play from which not only adults but schoolchildren can learn what it means, and what it costs, for a black woman to live a public life that matters.
But it’s the extensive passages during which the play lets us hear some of Chisholm’s speeches that are ultimately most stirring. Here, for instance, is Chisholm framing her critique of the Nixon administration in words that could be on point today:
CHISHOLM: Fellow Americans, we have looked in vain to the Nixon administration for the courage, the spirit, the character and the words to lift us…. To bring out the best in us, to rekindle in each of us our faith in the American dream. Yet all we have received in return is just another smooth exercise in political manipulation, deceit and deception, callousness and indifference to our individual problems and a disgusting playing of divisive politics. Pitting the young against the old, labor against management, North against South, black against white….
The president has broken his promises to us, and has therefore lost his claim to our trust and confidence in him. I cannot believe that this administration would ever have been elected four years ago, if we had known then what we know today. But we are entering a new era, in which we must, as Americans, demand stature and size in our leadership — leadership which is fresh, leadership, which is open, and leadership, which is receptive to the problems of all Americans.
Shirley Chisholm was impassioned, she was principled, she wrote the book on what it means to persist. And she demonstrated a humanity above and beyond political ideology. This insight hit home in a scene that takes place after the notorious racist Governor George Wallace had been shot. Chisholm visited him in the hospital and prayed for him—”because it was the right thing to do.”
“I want to be remembered as a woman who dared to be a catalyst of change,” Chisholm once said of herself. Campaign ’72 not only memorializes her legacy in compelling storytelling. It makes us realize that Shirley Chisholm is still one heck of a hard act to follow.
Running Time: 50 minutes, with no intermission.
scene 1: The opening Democratic candidate announcement
scene 2: The story background about Shirley Chisholm
scene 3: The platform point first speech women’s rights
scene 4: Second platform point Nixon administration
scene 5: The major players, introducing campaign opponents
scene 6: Florida primaries
scene 7: Visiting Gov. George Wallace
scene 8: I will manage my own campaign
scene 9: Meet the Press
scene 10: Democratic convention
scene 11: The Black delegate vote
scene 12: The last hope
scene 13: In unity there is strength.
“I’ll be around” – The Spinners
“Lean on Me” – Bill Withers
“Easin’ In” – Edwin Starr
“Little Ghetto Boy” – Donny Hathaway
“Love Train” – The O’Jays
“Its a Man’s World” – James Brown
“Son of a Preacher Man” – Dusty Springfield
Opening Weekend at the DC Black Theatre & Arts Festival (Photo Feature) by Malcolm Lewis Barnes